Trying to choose the right microphone can be much more difficult than you imagine it to be. Assuming you aren’t that familiar with the technical aspects of voice recording, the specifications and different types of microphones will leave you feeling lost.
That is why a good place to start is with these tips that will help you narrow your options:
- Define the manner in which you want to use your microphone
Before you actually look at microphones, you should sit down and clearly define the manner in which you want to use it. Are you looking for a simple external microphone that you can plug into your smartphone or digital camera? Do you want a decent but multipurpose microphone? Or maybe you want to set up an amateur studio and would like a microphone to record high quality audio?
Based on the manner in which it is going to be used, you should be able to start to narrow your options in terms of the rough type of microphone that you require.
- Decide on the directionality of the microphone
Every microphone has a directionality (also known as a polar pattern) which is basically a sensitivity to sounds from certain directions. Most normal microphones are omnidirectional and detect sound evenly from all directions, but others may be more sensitive to sound from one direction.
Depending on how you want to use your microphone you should be able to identify the directionality you need – which will narrow your options further.
- Understand the frequency response and response curves
The other main factor you’ll want to use to evaluate microphones are its frequency response and response curves. The frequency response is the range of sound frequencies that it can pick up, while its response curve shows you how it performs at different frequencies.
In most cases a ‘flat’ response curve is good, but sometimes you may want a more tailored response curve if you’re using your microphone for a specialized task such as recording vocals.
While the audio that you record will never be ‘perfect’ outside of a professional studio, a bit of editing and a decent microphone should make a world of difference. For example you could use Movavi Video Editor and follow the instructions at https://www.movavi.com/support/how-to/how-to-make-video-louder.html if you just want to adjust the volume level.
Needless to say your budget will factor into your choice of microphone as well, but the tips listed above should help you ensure you’re able to differentiate between the microphones that are in your range. All in all that should help you end up to a microphone that is better suited to your needs and delivers you much better audio quality.